Now suppose that President Obama has reduced Mr. Wheelerdealer to despair; not only does the president waste money by doing things like feeding children, he says mean things about some rich people, which is just like the Nazis invading Poland, or something. So Wheelerdealer decides to go Galt. Well, actually just one-third Galt, reducing his working time to just 2000 hours a year so he can spend more time with his wife and mistress. According to marginal productivity theory, this does in fact shrink the economy: Wheelerdealer adds $10,000 worth of production for every hour he works, so his semi-withdrawal reduces GDP by $10 million. Bad! But what is the impact on the incomes of Americans other than Wheelerdealer? GDP is down by $10 million - but payments to Wheelerdealer are also down by $10 million. So the impact on the incomes of non-Wheelerdealer America is … zero. Enjoy your leisure, John!
At some point we will be forced to admit that the folks who live on the equity side of the ledger are over paid and under taxed and this is a problem for people on the asset side of the ledger. If they all went Galt, no one would miss them and many people, mostly wage workers, would be better off.